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Jun 19, 2017


The Executive Secretary of Catholic Caritas Foundation of Nigeria (CCFN), the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) of the Catholic Bishops Conference of Nigeria (CBCN); Rev. Fr. Evaristus Bassey has articulated the reasons responsible for conflicts in different parts of the world.
The Catholic Secretariat of Nigeria (CSN) Director of Church and Society department made the disclosure while reviewing the Book: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution written by Rev. Fr. Chris Anyanwu, CSN Director of Social Communications. The book launch ceremony which was organized to mark the 50th Birthday celebration of the author took place recently, at Chida Palace Hotel International, Abuja.
According to Fr. Bassey: 
 “Conflict arises because we all come from different backgrounds and were shaped by divergent experiences, values and perspectives.  He however added, that “conflict can be positive if the people involved are able to develop structures and processes in which disagreements can be orchestrated productively.

He continued: “This means that conflict could pre-empt individuals to put their best feet forward in addressing issues that bother on justice and equity. We disagree within ourselves (intrapersonal conflict), with colleagues at work (organizational conflict), with friends and family (interpersonal conflict), and with other nations (international conflict). Conflict is an integral, inevitable part of human existence, but in all, we disagree to agree. It 
 becomes rather destructive

He added: “if not properly managed. In our world today, unresolved conflicts which seemed rather minor at inception, eventually degenerated to war, terrorism, kidnapping, unhealthy competition, political unrest and so on. Dialogue has proven to be the best form of conflict resolution.”

Giving a chapter by chapter analysis of the book, Fr Bassey commended the author for painstakingly addressing the issue of conflict which is global concern noting that the book makes an attempt to shape young minds through constant projection of peace as a tool which inarguably, will be instrumental to their securing a hitch free future. He noted that conflict is not limited to individual or interpersonal disagreement but corporate and organizational, society and community.

The reviewer also articulated some steps that can be taken to avert conflict from developing into serious crisis and wars; agreeing with some of the suggestions of the author in the book. He noted that mediation and negotiation are powerful tools for conflict management pointing out that “While the former involves the intervention of an experienced objective individual, the latter involves a direct process of dialogue between aggrieved parties which requires that they put all the cards on table, and find a middle ground for their differences.”

He stated that the author has described the excessive desires that are the root causes of interpersonal conflict pointing out that “Of the five theories of conflict approach expounded in the book, the Structural Theory should be highly recommended for the Nigerian society which is gradually becoming peace decadent; a society that celebrates class-consciousness; a nation where injustice has become the plight of the common man; a nation where the competition for scarce resources is alarming; a nation characterized by political marginalization and tribal segregation; a nation where economic exploitation and deprivation have become a way of life for her leaders; a nation where resentment by a group of people has degenerated to abysmal religious crises; a nation where corruption, abduction, terrorism and burglary, have rendered both citizens and foreigners insecure.”

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